There will need to be an investment in new science and research to raise the limits of sustainable production and address new threats.
No one technology or type of research will be a silver bullet for addressing sustainable production but all can contribute something. There is a need to increase our understanding of crops and animals to improve yields while still increasing efficiencies of water and nutrient use.
Also, we will need to prioritise research on climate change adaptation and mitigation in the food system, for example, producing crops that are drought and flood resistant.
A paper published in Science last month on the project highlights the need for agricultural, economic and climate modellers to compare and share their data more systematically to meet the need of policymakers.
The Foresight report calls for a global open-source database which pulls together agricultural, land-use, economic and environmental data available throughout the world.